Session done, story told, dice are being put away. If you have finished your adventure, then you do the whole process again. WRONG! There are some things you should do after a game session, so the next session is even more better!
Over the last two weeks, we have talked about getting set up for a game. This will cover the final prep and give a brief overview of things to expect during that game. Once you have an adventure idea, and characters to experience and or carry it out, you need to get to the real meat of Role Playing games: The Playing!
to get started, we need to consider game set-up. This may be something you have already came up with based on the game system and or the setting you use. Or, it could be something that you haven’t given much thought. What do you NEED to play your game, and what do you WANT to play your game? Need is usually pretty similar from game to game: something to write with, dice, maybe tokens or counters. Some games have fairly specific needs, like Savage Worlds need some sort of bennie tokens as well as a card deck. However, the environment you are playing may have other needs…playing online, you will likely not need dice or writing implements as your on-line environment may provide those for you. A far as what you want, well…consider maps, or 3-D terrain pieces and miniatures, effect templates, candles or mood lights, music or sound effects, incense or scented candles! Anything that may add to the enjoyment of your game, or make it easier to play. Again, in some game systems, you may find that a want in one game is a requirement in another and vice-versa. (Do table snax count as a need or want? Might depend on your table contract!)
When considering this, think about what might add to the immersion, or connection with the games. Do you want theme dice? What about token that reflect the setting or the mood? If your game is set in the bootlegging 20’s, could you get a soundtrack from the times and keep it as background mood setting? Some games lend themselves to “theme-ing” better than others, but you can probably find little things to do for any game. BUT:
- DON’T forget your NEEDS when setting up your wants! If you get all of the terrain and miniatures you want to use, but forget dice…this might be a fail!
All of this could be several posts long, just talking about how and where to find the right music or sound effects, or what makes the best maps and so on, but really this section is here just to remind you of the basics of setting up the game. Once you are comfortable with the game set , You are ready to “Roll some Dice, and Move some Mice!” (I know many of you are too young for that reference, but just accept that it means get started!)
When running a game, you can encounter a great number of issues and challenges. Most of this blog is about how to deal with various iteration of those. But this post will address some specific issues and resolutions. If I can relate it close enough to another post, I’ll link it as well. Rest assured that no matter what you have seen before, and what I’m about to show you, the real answer to any game issue is:
TALK WITH YOUR PLAYERS
As we start lets recap just a bit: You have taken time to somewhat (or more) connect your characters to your adventure. You have spent either a small amount to a great amount of time setting up your “script” So, the first idea I want to convey to you is Murphy’s Law of Game Mastering: Expect nothing to go as planned!. The best battle plans do not survive contact with the enemy, and your plot is not much different. In an RP adventure, you control the world, the antagonist and his resources, but the protagonists, (the players). really tell where your story goes and how it gets there. You can influence that. Subtly, you can lay out clues like breadcrumbs, hints from NPCs, omens or the stray bit of overheard conversation. Or you can go to the other end, and have the PCs employer tell them what they need to do, or even the outside game GM discussion. Remember that this is not always bad. Sometimes the players are on a completely different wavelength than you and you need to go outside of the game to bring everybody back to the plot. This, oddly enough is why you did the prep you did. When things go sideways, you can look at the story, and see if your plot can be salvaged by changing some things. The benefit of the minimalist set-up, is you then just have to have the Antagonist respond, using its motivations and resources to still reach its’ goal. If you and your players are alright in a campaign where the enemy has gone (mostly) completely unnoticed, even though your tried to lead them to his machinations, and she succeeds to the detriment of what the players wanted, then bully for you! If this was just a short adventure, the players come as close to failure as you can in an RPG. If you and your players are not happy with that, then either bludgeon them over the head with the clue haddock, and show them the path (yes this may be simply a side comment that they missed something) Either way, if this is just a part of a longer story, or even a campaign, well, now the Baddie has a brand new asset, or assets at his disposal! (Whats that, he just took over the world? Then your players are in for a hard fight!)
Adventure? Check! Characters? Check! Set-up? Check! How do you start the game? This is as much personal choice as the theme of your game. For many games, a great way to start is in medias res (“in the middle of things”). This is the technique of starting, literally, in the middle of things; without introduction or lead in to the story. Usually, just a quick introduction, and pick up the game in the middle of some ongoing scene. This does several things: captures players attention, introduces game mechanics, and hooks the characters into what is going on. In medias res does not have to be in the middle of combat, though. If you are playing a game with a strong combat focus, it is very appropriate to do so, however. If you are running a bounty hunter themed game, maybe in the middle of a chase, might be appropriate. Something to keep in mind, is that this type of beginning need to have a bit of background, unless the goal is to start with the characters in a completely unexpected situation. Lets look at a few examples:
- Set-up: You are a group of WWII saboteurs, sent to find out about this new weapon and stop its production if you can
- …And automatic gunfire rattles off to the left…describe the warehouse they are in and what they see, or provide a map
- Once the battle is over, tell the brief story of how they discovered the research, and where it was being produced, in a heavily guarded warehouse
- Set-up:You and your crew are hard riding to get a message to a garrison commander before the enemy forces arrive
- While galloping through a mountain pass, there is a loud rumble, and snow begins cascading across your trail…set the scene in the remote mountain pass, or provide them a map
- Once they overcome the obstacle, fast forward to the real beginning of your adventure, the arrival at the garrison, with the enemy cresting the rise.
- Set-Up: You need to know the location of the villains lair.
- With the villains attractive paramour across from you at the baccarat table, You have a strong hand and a stronger drink…
As you can see, the in medias res can be a compelling opening to your game. However, some players would rather get to know a little about their characters before being engaged, so you might wish to accommodate them, or you may just want the theme to be a little less intense. (Note that the in medias res can be used for some fairly complex GM tricks. I will probably do a post about them soon). Another popular way of starting the game is the hire/impress/briefing style. In this method, the players are hired by a stranger in a bar / impressed by the local military / gathered in a briefing to be told what they need to do. If you have connected your players to the story, then this method still works well, because they are now being sent to do something they want to do anyway! They may not like how they are being tasked (such as trumped-up charges and facing the hangman’s noose unless they do this task), but they should have at least a little bit of self motivation to accomplish it.
However you begin it, you will then carry on through the adventure beats, or the action/reaction until the situation is resolved. During all of the game, there are several things to keep in mind, and you may well have addressed them in you table contract. But if not, or as a refresher:
- Don’t debate rules during game time. As ref, make a quick decision, and a note to discuss it after the session.
- Everybody is at the table to have fun, the ref included. when someone is getting bored (or worse, upset) try to fix the issue, even if it means interrupting the game momentarily…
- Remember that the Ref is not against the players, but the NPCs he plays probably are!
One more thing to keep in mind, and this has taken me a long time to figure out. Your story ends. No matter if it is a short one-shot type of adventure, or a full campaign, the end needs to be well-defined. lets say they beat the big bad (BB). You can end the game with an epilogue style wrap up after the combat/confrontation. If they lose to the BB, summarize what happens with them out of the way of the BB. Do they come home to ticker tape parades? Is the world safe for democracy again? Are the space ghosts never heard from again? If they lose, try not to make it TOO dark! Don’t use: “Because you died at the hands of Sodok the Slaughterer, nearly 1/3 of the population is sacrificed for her view of “the greater good” and for two generations everyone lives in constant fear for their lives!” You can soften this a bit by summing up that Sodok the Slaughterer continues as fearsome tyrant , whose name is spoken of in hushed whispers for generations.” This ends the game, and rewards the players or culminates the story. Another option,if it fits the tone, is prepare a newspaper article / News feed /Heraldic announcement for failure and success…hand the appropriate one to the players after the game wraps. Anything you can think of that is not, “OK! you beat the BB, now how do you get back to town to resupply?” Keep in mind that the characters may continue in further adventures, but this is a great opportunity for them to retire from the adventuring life.
My biggest problem, as an epic style ref, is that once the players dealt with one story line, I basically rewarded them, and then let the world go on…if the players sought out other story arcs, then great, otherwise…the story just kind of ran down like a clock unwinding. Not very exciting, no matter how fun the actual game. This took me years to realize, partly because I don’t get the opportunity to play often, but also because I thought a living world was more engaging and exciting. I no longer believe this. Stories need the beginning, a middle AND they require an end. The end needs to be as complete as the rest of the story. Sometimes it is played out, but usually this is a narrative conclusion after the final confrontation, just like the narrative to start the game. This does not need to be you, the ref, just telling the closing story. Talk to the players about what their characters will do now that this issue is taken care of, or talk about what the characters hoped for even in a poor outcome.
I will do one more of these weekly posts, next week talking about post game wrap up. Feel free to post questions or comments. Remember that I started this blog at the request of one of my players. I have done a lot of contemplation on a lot of these posts. I know that my rules and techniques may not work for everyone, but I hope that anyone can at least glean a few things from them. If you have had good luck with any of these techniques, or any of them turned out disastrous, please share!